PhD - Crowd Dynamics

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"The objective of this research was to develop a model of crowds, specifically aimed at defining numerical standards for crowd safety." G. Keith Still 2000. 

Since the publication of this material I've developed simpler, easier to understand crowd risk analysis and event modelling techniques. These are the subject and content of the workshops I run around the world. Click here for more information.  

In the hyper-linked web version of my thesis (chapter links below) have annotated various pages to add further commentary for the subject matter. The broader topics of crowd science are covered in the book, “Introduction to Crowd Science”. Click on the book image (right) to take you to the CRC Press order page. 


Click here for information on our eLearning version of “Introduction to Crowd Science


Click on links below to take you to specific chapters on the on-line version of the PhD Thesis “Crowd Dynamics"

Title page and index

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 2 - Crowd problems and crowd safety

Chapter 3 - Crowd dynamics

Chapter 4 - Principles of a simulation

Chapter 5 - Legion (agent based simulation)

Chapter 6 - Validation of a computer model

Chapter 7 - Case study 1: Balham Station

Chapter 8 - Case study 2: Hong Kong Jockey Club

Chapter 9 - Conclusions

PhD references

Other papers and references

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